More than 600,000 surgeries are performed in India each year to treat various intestinal diseases. Patients undergo colon surgery for several conditions, such as colon cancer, polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and diverticulitis. Removing a piece or the entire colon is known as a colectomy.
Colon cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer deaths in India. Surgery is an essential part of treatment for cancer patients if it is not spread to distant and large areas of the body. The traditional surgical procedure called open surgery involves opening the pelvis and abdomen to gain access to the large intestine. The type of surgery will depend on the stage of colon cancer.
If you have been diagnosed with colon cancer and your medical team has determined that you are eligible for full or partial colon removal or the minimally invasive surgical approach (laparoscopic surgery), you will likely study the benefits and risks of each area. In particular, you may want to determine how to measure a laparoscopic approach that is less invasive in terms of short and long-term outcomes and side effects as compared to an open approach.
What is a Colon?
The colon or the large intestine is the lower part of the digestive tract. The intestine is a long tubular organ consisting of the small intestine, large intestine (large intestine), and rectum which is the last part of the large intestine. Once the food is digested in the stomach, it goes into the small intestine, where a portion of the food is absorbed. The remaining waste reaches the rectum through the large intestine and is removed from the body. The colon and rectum absorb water and hold waste until you are ready to dispose of it.
Colon cancer affects the colon. Colon cancer usually affects the elderly, although it can occur at any age. It usually starts as a collection of small, non-cancerous (benign) cells called polyps that form in the large intestine. These cells undergo malignant transformation and result in colon cancer.
Polyps can be small and cause few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, most of the doctors recommend routine screening tests to prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn cancerous.
If colon develops cancer, several treatments are available, including laparoscopic surgery, radiation, and drugs such as chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
Now here know about laparoscopic treatment of colon cancers.
Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer
Surgery for colon cancer involves removal of the tumor cells and surrounding healthy tissue during surgery. This is often called a surgical resection. Laparoscopic method is the most common treatment for colon cancer. Parts of the large intestine or rectum are healthy and nearby lymph nodes are also removed. Although specialist surgeons can perform colorectal surgery, many people talk to specialists who have additional training and experience in colorectal surgery. A colorectal surgeon is a doctor who has received additional training in the treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. Dr. Venu Gopal Pareek is one who has experience in treating colon cancer.
If surgery is used to treat colon cancer, doctors use the laparoscopic method to treat. It means that instead of performing a colectomy as open surgery through a long incision, the surgeon can perform the procedure through several smaller incisions, using special tools for a minimally invasive approach.
How is Laparoscopic Surgery Performed?
In Laparoscopic surgery, a special camera called a laparoscope (a small telescope attached to a video camera) is inserted through a cannula (a narrow, hollow tube used as an instrument). At the start of the procedure, the stomach is pumped with carbon dioxide gas to make room for the surgeon to work. The laparoscope transmits images into the abdominal cavity and gives the surgeon a larger view of the patient’s internal organs on a television monitor.
Several other cannulas are inserted to allow the surgeon to work in and remove part of the large intestine. The entire procedure is performed through the cannula or by increasing one of the cannula’s small incisions.
What to expect in a Laparoscopy Surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer requires very specialized skills. So it is essential to perform this type of surgery by the best doctors such as Dr Venu Gopal Pareek, who is highly skilled in the treatment of colon cancer. He is one of the few surgeons in the country who regularly perform laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. Pain can occur after surgery which can be controlled with medicines. You can limit yourself to a liquid diet after surgery, but most people can switch to solid foods within a few days.
Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
There are several advantages to a laparoscopic approach for colon cancer surgery. Since surgeons make smaller incisions, patients often experience:
- Less blood loss during surgery
- Lesser duration of hospital stay
- Faster recovery time
- Less visible scars
- Less pain
- Better pain management
After reading the article, we know that laparoscopic colorectal surgery is safe, feasible, and has oncological adequacy comparable to the open approach. Open surgery has become more common worldwide. Therefore, we feel it is essential to share our experience with laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is comfortable, less invasive, and maybe the first choice for colorectal cancer intervention. However, these procedures require more experience.
To determine if laparoscopic surgery is an option for treating colon cancer, call Dr Venu Gopal Pareek at +91 91-777-77715 for a doctor’s appointment.